Acne is a common skin condition that includes blemishes, whiteheads and blackheads. It occurs when excess oil, dead skin and impurities become trapped inside a pore and cause it to become inflamed. While acne can occur anywhere on the body—including the neck, back and shoulders—it is most common on the face.
What causes acne?
When skin produces excess sebum (or oil), pores may become clogged with dead skin and other impurities. These clogged pores can create blackheads or whiteheads or become red or swollen, resulting in an acne breakout.
What are blackheads?
Blackheads are a mild form of acne that consist of clogged pores. When a clogged pore stays open, the excess oil on the skin can oxidize which causes the dark color of blackheads.
What are whiteheads?
Whiteheads like blackheads, are also clogged pores. Unlike blackheads which are open and exposed to oxidation, whiteheads occur when a clogged pore closes up, causing a white bump to form on the skin’s surface.
What is the difference between adolescent and adult acne?
Acne breakouts in younger skin tend to be more persistent and consistent. Persistent acne is often caused by excess oil production and may be concentrated in the t-zone (the forehead, nose and chin). Adult acne may be more cyclical with less frequent breakouts that is often concentrated in the u-zone (the chin and cheeks).
How do you treat acne?
When you have an acne blemish or breakout, apply a targeted treatment to the affected area to help clear skin. Look for a spot treatment with Salicylic Acid or Sulfur to help effectively target blemishes and help keep skin balanced and healthy-looking.
How do you care for acne-prone skin?
To care for acne-prone skin, cleanse daily with warm water and a gentle cleanser. Exfoliating skin with a facial scrub or other exfoliant is an essential step to help prevent clogged pores which can cause acne. Especially if you have persistent acne, look for formulas that can help reduce excess oil and are non-comedogenic—meaning that they won’t clog pores. Even though your skin may have excess oil, using a moisturizer is an essential step to maintain skin’s hydration levels and a daily sunscreen is a must to help defend skin from sun damage.
Is acne-prone skin oily?
While acne is often associated with oily skin, all skin types—including normal, dry, sensitive and combination—can experience blemishes and breakouts. Excess oil can contribute to acne but other causes like dead skin and cosmetics can also cause pores to become clogged which may lead to blemishes.
What are acne marks?
Acne marks, or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, are skin discolorations that follow an inflamed blemish. If blemishes are picked at or go untreated, they are at greater risk of creating a mark.
Can acne marks be reduced?
If acne marks are left behind after blemishes have cleared, they can persist for some time but may fade over time. Using a dark spot corrector and other brightening skincare formulas can help fade acne marks over time for a more even skin tone.
For many of us, acne is a source of frustration that can follow us from our adolescence well into our adult life. Being one of the most common skin imperfections, we tend to wonder how to prevent acne flare-ups. Acne medication is often the first resort to address the issue of acne prone skin, but an effective acne treatment starts with proper skin care. Kiehl’s offers a variety of astringent products for oily skin aimed to reduce the appearance of blemishes and redness. Our oil-free, non-drying formulations will cleanse your pores leaving you with healthy and clear skin. Also discover our healthy skin essentials and our full line of body and face moisturizers to complete you skin care routine.
How to Get Rid of Acne?
Getting rid of acne can seem like an arduous and frustrating task, but with the right products it doesn’t have to be. What is important to keep in mind when dealing with acne breakouts is that acne starts beneath the skin - so it is important to use a cleanser that will clean out your pores and remove any dirt or build-up that is causing a breakout. Of course, targeting said spot, without completely drying out your face, is equally important. Spot-treatment gels are great because they can focus on an area - effectively reducing the blemish and minimize pores without dehydrating your skin.
What Causes Acne?
Acne is caused by dead skin cells, excessive sebum or dirt (bacteria) clogging the pores beneath the epidermis skin level and causing an irritable blockage within follicles. This results in what we know as pimples, blackheads or whiteheads. There are many factors that may contribute to this, including hormones, genetics, climate, diet and unhealthy skin care. It is important to be mindful of the cause of your acne in order treat it appropriately.
How to Prevent Acne?
Acne can be prevented through a good skin care routine as well as healthy daily habits. Simple tricks like eating right and drinking lots of water can help prevent outbreaks. Furthermore, cleansing the skin with an oil-free lotion or cleanser is a good start. Ingredients like salicylic acid are helpful for acne-prone skin. It is simply a matter of making sure all oil, dirt and residue (make-up or otherwise) is fully removed from the skin. Clay masks are another great way to ensure that all toxins and dirt are completely drawn out from pores.